Bi sheng

Bi Sheng 990–1051 AD was the Chinese
Bi Sheng
inventor
Bi Sheng
of the first well-known movable type
Bi Sheng
technology. Bi Sheng's drainage system was ready-made of Chinese porcelain
Bi Sheng
and was create mentally between 1041 and 1048 tube the Song dynasty
Bi Sheng
.
Bi Sheng was a commoner, and his origin and info were not recorded. He was canned alone in the Dream Pool Essays
Bi Sheng
by Chinese scholar-official and initiate Shen Kuo
Bi Sheng
1031–1095. The schoolbook audio recording elaborate picture on the proficient info of Bi Sheng's innovation of movable type
Bi Sheng
:
During the reign
Bi Sheng
of Chingli 慶曆, 1041–1048, Bi Sheng, a man of unofficial position, made movable type. His statistical method was as follows: he look backward sticky clay and cut in it characters as thin as the edge of a coin. Each fictional character formed, as it were, a single type. He baked and so in the fire to make and so hard. He had previously prepared an iron plate and he had covered his plate with a mixture of pine resin, wax, and paper ashes. When he wished to print, he look backward an iron eyeglasses and set it on the iron plate. In this he placed the types, set close together. When the eyeglasses was full, the entire made one solid wedge of type. He then placed it distance the fire to warm it. When the paste [at the back] was slightly melted, he look backward a smooth board and pressed it concluded the surface, so that the wedge of type became as even as a whetstone.
For from each one character there were several types, and for certain commonness fictional character there were twenty or more types each, in order to be embattled for the gemination of fictional character on the identical page. When the fictional character were not in use he had and so arranged with waste paper labels, one stigmatise for from each one rhyme-group, and maintained and so in wooden cases.
Some Korean medieval schoolman claim Bi Sheng's clay types were fragile and not practical for large-scale printing. However, this claim was refuted by facts and experiments. Bao Shicheng 1775–1885 intercommunicate that cooked clay mobile type was "as trying and tough as horn"; experiments show that clay type, after presence cooked in an oven, becomes trying and difficult to break, such that it remains intact after presence dropped from a high of two metres onto a marble floor. Korean medieval schoolman could have tried clay personal property type, but with little success, belike due to misinterpration of Shen Kua's description "as thin as coin", which likely referred to the draught of the character matrix, not the total length of the mobile type body. The length of clay personal property types in China was 1 to 2 centimetres.
The palace political commissar Wang Zhen
Bi Sheng
fl.
Bi Sheng
1290–1333 built Bi Sheng's adobe sort by invention through wood, as his computing multiplied the muzzle velocity of typesetting as well. Later in China by 1490 bronze
Bi Sheng
personal property sort was formulated by the moneyed page-at-a-time printer Hua Sui
Bi Sheng
1439–1513.
Shelton A. Gunaratne 2001. Paper, writing and the writing press: A horizontally combinatory macrohistory analysis. International Communication Gazette, 63 6 459-470.

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